Based in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Girard-Perregaux has roots dating back to 1791, when watchmaker Jean-Francois Bautte created his first timepieces in Geneva. However, via a circuitous route, the Girard-Perregaux brand name was officially established in 1856 in La Chaux-de-Fonds. Today, it is owned by the Sowind Group, a subsidiary of the Kering Group. It is most known for its famed Tourbillon with Three Gold Bridges, whose design was patented in 1884. This model continues to be an icon for the brand.